Mutual Funds are an incredibly popular investment avenue, especially in India, crediting to the benefits like expert management and attractive returns over time. Although these funds don’t have many hidden charges, they get taxed. This can significantly change how much money one sees at withdrawal.
This blog focuses on decoding taxes on Mutual Fund gains and a peek into minimizing them. Let’s have a look!
Taxes on Mutual Funds
A Mutual Fund is an asset where multiple investors pool their money together, and the fund manager invests this money into different securities such as Stocks and Bonds.
When buying a Mutual Fund, the only factors affecting the taxation are when one decides to sell it (Time) and how profitable it was (Profits).
Profits and Loss: When one decides to redeem the fund units, there can be only two scenarios: Sell it at a higher price (Capital Gains) or Sell it at a lower price (a Loss).
Time: Depending upon when one decides to sell the Mutual Fund holdings, the tax rates vary
Equity Funds (Investments in stocks)
Less than a year: If you sell your units before one year of holding them, then your Capital Gains are considered Short-term and taxed at a rate of 15%.
After one year: If units are sold after a year of holding, then the capital gains are called Long-Term, and if the profits are above Rs 1 Lakh, they are taxed at 10%. Gains under Rs 1 lakh are entirely tax-free.
Debt Funds (invests in bonds)
Less than three years: The Short-Term gains made here are added to the taxable income, which attracts tax as per the income slab.
After three years: If holdings are sold after three years, the gains will be taxed at a flat rate of 20% after indexation (adjustment with current rates)
However, it is essential to note the following:
If you sell your units after 1 year and your gains are less than Rs 1 lakh, you can sell it right then, and your profits will be tax-free, but the next step will be to reinvest that amount into a Mutual Fund. This is known as Tax-Harvesting.
The other method is Tax-loss harvesting to take advantage of Capital loss which allows the total capital gains to be adjusted and reduce your tax liability. This will enable you to benefit from lows and use them to reduce your tax burden. The best part is that your capital losses can be carried forward for up to 8 years.
Now, let’s explore some direct tax-saving options:
Section 80C Deductions
Investing in mutual funds helps you set your long-term goals, but it can also provide income tax benefits with the help of Section 80C. Individuals can claim deductions based on investments or expenses up to Rs 1,50,000.
ELSS Mutual Funds (Equity Linked Saving Scheme)
PPF (Public Provident Fund)
EPF (Employee Provident Fund)
NSC (National Savings Certificate)
Tax Saving Fixed Deposits
ULIP Scheme (Unit Linked Insurance Plan)
SCSS (Senior Citizens Savings Scheme)
Sukanya Samriddhi Savings Scheme
Education fees for up to 2 children
Home Loan repayment
Life Insurance premiums
With the help of all these provisions, you can claim deductions, thus reducing your tax liability. We will go into more detail about each investment option in separate blog posts.
Other sections to reduce your tax liabilities are as follows
Other sections - 80D, 80EE
80D: This pertains to deductions for medical needs for your parents and yourself: Medical insurance premiums, hospital bills, and any other preventive health check-ups up to Rs 25,000. (Rs 50,000 if your parents are senior citizens)
80EE: This applies to first-time home-buyers who can claim deductions up to Rs 50,000 for the interest amount on their home loan.
You might be calculating how much taxes you can save now, but wait! This is not all.
Other expenses that can save Taxes
Section 80GG: This allows individuals to claim deductions on their housing rents if they are not receiving any HRA from their employer. With this, you claim deductions up to Rs 60,000 every year.
Section 80G: This helps individuals claim deductions for the donations made for charity or relief.
That was a lot of sections. It might seem overwhelming now, but you'll get used to it once you use them regularly. Start investing money and saving taxes from initial employment days, and we will start working on the second part of this blog to bring you more hacks to save taxes. See you at the next one.
Why do we need to pay Income tax in India?
Taxpayers are essential to the functioning of any country. Citizens' taxes are used for various activities that benefit the nation and the citizens. As a result, taxpayers are essentially contributing to India's growth.
Can I get deductions of more than 1.5 Lakhs?
Yes, in addition to the deductions claimed with section 80C, with the help of other sections of the Income Tax act such as 80EE(Education Loan) and 80D (Medical Expenditure), the total savings can be around Rs 2,00,000.
Who needs to pay Income tax?
There are mainly six types of taxpayers in India: Individuals, Hindu Undivided Family(HUF), Association of Persons(AOP), Body of Individuals (BOI), Firms and Companies. Each of these taxpayers needs to file Income Tax returns and pay taxes according to their tax slabs and other incomes.
How can I claim all these deductions in my ITR?
While filing your income tax, you must enter your deductions for every section; for example, section 80C will include ELSS, Life Insurance premium, etc. Section 80D will have to include all your medical expenditures.
Is it necessary to file an ITR if you do not fall into any tax brackets?
Filing an income tax return is optional if you have no tax liability due to your earnings and do not fall into any tax brackets. However, you must still file your ITR to keep a record for future reference.